Did you know these 25 flowers can be eaten as food?

List of 25 flowers you can eat as food

The culinary use of flowers dates back thousands of years to the Chinese, Greek and Romans. Many cultures use flowers in their traditional cooking think of squash blossoms in Italian food and rose petals in Indian food.

Adding flowers to your food can be a nice way to add color, flavor and a little whimsy. Some are spicy, and some herbacious, while others are floral and fragrant. The range is surprising.

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It’s not uncommon to see flower petals used in salads, teas, and as garnish for desserts, but they inspire creative uses as well roll spicy ones into handmade pasta dough, incorporate floral ones into homemade ice cream, pickle flower buds to make ersatz capers, use them to make a floral simple syrup for use in lemonade or cocktails.

I once stuffed gladiolus following a recipe for stuffed squash blossoms they were great. So many possibilities…

Precautions before eating them

  • So. As lovely as eating flowers can be, it can also be a little … deadly! Not to scare you off or anything. Follow these tips for eating flowers safely:

  • Eat flowers you know to be consumable — if you are uncertain, consult a reference book on edible flowers and plants.

  • Eat flowers you have grown yourself, or know to be safe for consumption. Flowers from the florist or nursery have probably been treated with pesticides or other chemicals.

  • Do not eat roadside flowers or those picked in public parks. Both may have been treated with pesticide or herbicide, and roadside flowers may be polluted by car exhaust.

  • Eat only the petals, and remove pistils and stamens before eating.

  • If you suffer from allergies, introduce edible flowers gradually, as they may exacerbate allergies.

  • To keep flowers fresh, place them on moist paper towels and refrigerate in an airtight container. Some will last up to 10 days this way. Ice water can revitalize limp flowers.

Flowers you may eat

1. Fennel

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Yellow fennel flowers are eye candy with a subtle licorice flavor, much like the herb itself.

2. Borage

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Blossoms are a lovely blue hue and taste like cucumber.

3. Calendula

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A great flower for eating, calendula blossoms are peppery, tangy, and spicy and their vibrant golden color adds dash to any dish.

4. Dianthus

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Petals are sweet, once trimmed away from the base. The blossoms taste like their sweet, perfumed aroma.

5. Chamomile

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Small and daisylike, the flowers have a sweet flavor and are often used in tea. Ragweed sufferers may be allergic to chamomile.

6. Dill

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Yellow dill flowers taste much like the herb’s leaves.

7. Basil

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Blossoms come in a variety of colors, from white to pink to lavender; flavor is similar to the leaves, but milder.

8. Gladiolus

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Although gladioli are bland, they can be stuffed, or their petals removed for an interesting salad garnish.

9. Hibiscus

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Famously used in hibiscus tea, the vibrant cranberry flavor is tart and can be used sparingly.

10. Hollyhock

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Bland and vegetal in flavor, hollyhock blossoms make a showy, edible garnish.

11. Allium

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All blossoms from the allium family (leeks, chives, garlic, garlic chives) are edible and flavorful! Flavors run the gamut from delicate leek to robust garlic. Every part of these plants is edible.

12. Impatiens

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Flowers don’t have much flavor — best as a pretty garnish or for candying.

13. Jasmine

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These super-fragrant blooms are used in tea; you can also use them in sweet dishes, but sparingly.

14. Lavender

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Sweet, spicy, and perfumed, the flowers are a great addition to both savory and sweet dishes.

15. Mint

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The flowers are — surprise! — minty. Their intensity varies among varieties.

16. Nasturtium

One of the most popular edible flowers, nasturtium blossoms are brilliantly colored with a sweet, floral flavor bursting with a spicy pepper finish. When the flowers go to seed, the seed pod is a marvel of sweet and spicy.

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You can stuff flowers, add leaves to salads, pickle buds like capers, and garnish to your heart’s content.

17. Oregano

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The flowers are a pretty, subtle version of the leaf.

18. Pansy

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The petals are somewhat nondescript, but if you eat the whole flower you get more taste.

19. Radish

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Varying in color, radish flowers have a distinctive, peppery bite.

20. Rose

Remove the white, bitter base and the remaining petals have a strongly perfumed flavor perfect for floating in drinks or scattering across desserts, and for a variety of jams.

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All roses are edible, with flavor more pronounced in darker varieties.

21. Rosemary

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Flowers taste like a milder version of the herb; nice used as a garnish on dishes that incorporate rosemary.

22. Sage


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Blossoms have a subtle flavor similar to the leaves.

23. Squash

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Blossoms from both are wonderful vehicles for stuffing, each having a slight squash flavor. Remove stamens before using.

24. Sunflowers

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Petals can be eaten, and the bud can be steamed like an artichoke.

25. Violets

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Another famous edible flower, violets are floral, sweet and beautiful as garnishes. Use the flowers in salads and to garnish desserts and drinks.


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As with any kind of garden, success usually starts with the soil. Most vegetables do best in moist, well-drained soil that’s rich in organic matter (such as compost or peat moss).

If you don’t have a good soil for vegetables, you can also buy ready to use nutrient rich soil.


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In general use a soil-based compost placed over a generous layer of drainage material such as earthenware crocks, pebbles or gravel. Water and feed regularly, especially while plants are bearing flowers and fruit, when a high-potash fertilizer is recommended.