Almost every country has a national flower, do you know what your country’s flower is?
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Flower symbolism began in ancient times and has became a significant part of cultures around the world.
Just like the flag and the national anthem, flowers are also a national symbol intend to unite people by creating visual, verbal, or iconic representations of the people, values, goals or national history.
1. Lotus Flower – India
Its symbolism is one of your most prized virtues associated with spiritual purity and rebirth. Despite being born in the mud, it is one of the most beautiful flowers in the world.
2. Orchid Cattleya Trianae – Colombia
This species was named the national flower back in 1936 by the Colombian Academy of History. It was named in honor of Colombian naturalist José Jerónimo Triana.
3. Rose – USA, UK
The first fossil of a rose was discovered in Colorado and is estimated to be 40 million years old. The rose was also used by pioneers migrating west whom planted this plant along the way from New York to California. In 1986 President Ronald Reagan signed a law that made the rose the national floral emblem.
4. Edelweiss – Austria and Switzerland
Edelweiss is also known as the talisman of love and is mainly found in the Alps. Its existence has several legends, among them that the flower was born from the tears of a young virgin. The legends tell of Austria that the true test of love is when the boy climbs the Alps to find the flower for a loved one, because the road is very dangerous and only someone in love would venture along it.
5. Peony – China
This flower has been used in China as a floral display for more than 2000 and according to the records of the Han Dynasty it was also used as a medicinal herb as well as an ornamental flower. The peony, with its exuberance, embody romance and prosperity and are regarded as the weddings omen of good fortune and happy marriage!
6. Golden Wattle — Australia
This fragrant shrub with its tiny explosions of yellow flowers is native to Australia’s Capital territory and cemented in the country’s history. Literally. Some of the region’s first settlers used Acacias to build their wattle and daub homes, subsequently coining the nickname “wattle.” Certain types of Golden Wattle were even used by Aboriginals to craft weapons and tools.
7. Iris — France
The Iris, also called fleur-de-lis, has been officially representing the country of France since the 12th century as both the country’s insignia and national emblem. Before that, it was the official flower of the Roman Empire’s ruling class. The flower takes its name from the Greek word for “rainbow,” and rightfully so; it comes in more than 200 different colours ranging from snow white to deep purple!
8. Lily of the Valley — Finland and Yugoslavia
This delicate plant has tiny bell-shaped flowers that smell extremely sweet, making it a favourite in both perfumes and bridal bouquets. It flourishes in forests and any other cool, shady spot.
9. Tulips — Holland, Hungary, Iran, Afghanistan and Turkey
Despite popular belief, the perky tulip comes from Hungary where it travelled along with the Ottoman Empire to Turkey before finally making its way to Holland. In fact, the tulip was once so popular that during the 1600s there was an entire branch of Dutch commerce based around it.
10. Jasmine — Pakistan and Syria
The jasmine has been cultivated for thousands of years for its tiny, star-shaped flowers and intoxicating fragrance. It’s simplicity and pure white colour symbolizes purity and peace. Used in cosmetics, perfumes, cooking, aromatherapy, garlands, as hair decorations and in various cultural ceremonies, it’s easy to see why this is the favourite flower of multiple countries.
11. Sunflower — Ukraine
This cheerful flower was originally cultivated in the Americas before becoming the favourite national flower of the Ukraine. In fact, 60% of the world’s sunflowers are now grown in Europe and Russia.
In traditional folklore the sunflower signifies fertility, solar power and vigour. This is highlighted by the sunflower’s unique tendency to turn its “head” and follow the sun across the sky, drooping down towards the ground when night falls.
12. Orchid — Hong Kong and Honduras
Orchids are extremely popular and widely cultivated. There are more than 25,000 different of the flower with more being discovered each day. Orchids resemble the human face in that they have a bilateral symmetry, perhaps explaining why they are so popular.
During the 16th century, the beverage made its way to London, England where it was sold in street-side stalls before the introduction of coffee.
13. Chrysanthemum and Cherry Blossom — Japan
Japan is the only country on our list to claim two national flowers. Cherry blossoms bloom for just a short time, and they signify the fragile beauty of life.
While the cherry blossom is the national flower of Japan, the chrysanthemum has been a symbol of the Japanese royal family for centuries and is celebrated each year during the “Festival of Happiness.”
14. Flower of Ipe – Brazil
This flower is found all over Brazil and it’s beauty has inspired many poets, writers and even politicians. In 1961 Yellow Ipe was declared the National Flower.
15. Knapweed – Germany
Germany has a tradition that unmarried boys must wear this flower on their lapel. Their leaves are usually spiny and the flower has a diverse amount of colors ranging from intense blues, reds, yellows and different shades of whites.
16. Lavender – Portugal
This small wildflower are often seen filling large fields with explosions of lilac. The flower has many other uses besides flower displays, it is used for cooking, oils, cosmetics, perfumes and a range of other products.
17. Daffodil – Wales
The daffodil is one of the first plants to bloom in the Spring and when you see these yellow flowers begin to sprout it’s a sign that the winter is over.
18. Dahlia - Mexico
19. Egyptian Lotus - Egypt
20. Carnation - Spain & Slovenia
21. Daisy - Italy
22. Bunga Raya (Shoe Flower) - Malaysia
23. Cyclamen - Israel
24. Shapla (White water lily) - Bangladesh
25. Nil Mahanel (Nympheae Stelleta) - Bangladesh