Home gardeners spend millions each year on fertilizer for their gardens and houseplants. WOW! Chemical fertilizer is harming the environment, organic fertilizer is draining our wallets.
The good news is that you can easily make your own fertilizers from organic waste material and other things that you have around the house.
Why organic fertilizer
Your plants need organic fertilizer because:
Most soil does not provide the essential nutrients that are required for the best plant growth
Even if you are super lucky to have rich loamy soil that all of us crave, as your plants grow t
they absorb those nutrients and leave the soil less fertile.
All of those beautiful flowers, fruits, and veggies that you grew last year took the nutrients that
were in the soil. This year, your garden needs another boost of nutrients for this year’s plants.
1. Worm castings – Worm castings are soil superfood! They provide nitrogen and make soil absorbent. A huge number of beneficial microbes and bacteria are introduced to the soil, too.
2. Beer – Beer is a simple sugar and plants need complex sugars. However, it does work to get rid of slugs and is a great cool down on a hot gardening day!
Also, if you brew your own beer or live near a microbrewery, you might want to use “Beer Mash” (the grains leftover from making beer). It’s a great soil amendment.
3. Dog and Cat Food – Make sure that it is an organic pet food. Sprinkle the dry pet food on the bed or container. Turn the soil or water it in. It provides protein to feed the fungi and bacteria, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and calcium, plus other minerals.
4. Coffee Grounds - Coffee grounds are an excellent source of nitrogen. Grounds can either be spread directly onto the soil or mixed into your compost pile. If they are spread on top of the soil, they can act as a moisture barrier like peat moss.
5. Urine – Yes, you read that right! Human urine is an excellent source of nitrogen. It is great to add to compost tea or your compost pile as an activator. Pathogens, disease, and toxins are quickly killed within 24 hours of leaving your body.
6. Mushrooms – The part of the mushroom that you see is actually the fruiting body. In the soil is where the real magic happens. Fungi are part of the soil web that helps bring nutrients to your plants.
7. Banana Peels – Banana peels are usually thrown away by people. Not only the peels are rich in potassium, phosphorus, and calcium, but they will completely improve your garden.
You can also soak them in water for 48 hours, then pour the banana juice directly into your plants. The peels should be planted no deeper than 4 inches.
Recommended Planters: Planters by Size
Choose planters according to the size required for your plants for various purposes and locations.
Buy ready to use nutrient-rich soil:
In general use, a soil-based compost placed over a generous layer of drainage material such as earthenware crocks, pebbles or gravel. Water and feed regularly, especially while plants are bearing flowers and fruit when a high-potash fertilizer is recommended.