We notice a great diversity of plants all around us. Among which just a few are aquatic and terrestrial plants.
Although they all have the same components and work in the same ways, they all appear distinct due to their individual roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds, and other elements of the plant.
Therefore, the classification of plants is primarily based on a number of features, and they may also be further divided depending on their height, stem softness, branches, and life cycle.
Let’s learn more about the classification of plants based on their growing habits in this article.
Let’s define “growth habit” first.
Growth Habit: What Is It?
The word “growth habits” in horticulture refers to how a plant grows, develops, or changes through time in terms of its height, form, and kind of growth. Their growth habits are significantly influenced by both hereditary and environmental factors.
For instance, how different animals interact with plants affects how they adapt to their surroundings.
From an evolutionary standpoint, growth patterns serve to ensure plant survival and adaptability in a variety of habitats, hence raising the likelihood that the genes will be successfully passed on to the following generation.
In terms of height, some plants are too small and others are too tall to climb. Along with height, stem thickness and delicateness vary as well.
For instance, while large, tall plants or trees have thick, robust, and woody stems that are difficult to break, short plants have stems that are greenish, soft, and fragile.
Plants can be roughly divided into three classes based on their growth habits:
Herbs are little plants without woody structures and soft, green, fragile stems. Within one or two seasons, they finish their life cycle. They typically have few branches or none at all. These can be simply pulled out of the ground.
Herbs provide sufficient nutritional advantages, such as vitamins and minerals, to be included in a nutritious, well-balanced diet. Herbs include things like grass, bananas, wheat, paddy, and tomatoes.
Medium-sized woody plants called shrubs are shorter than trees and taller than herbs.
They often stand between 6 and 10 meters tall. They have many branches and strong, woody stems that are bushy in appearance.
Despite being tough, stems are flexible but not easily broken. These plants’ lifespans often vary by species. Some of the common shrubs found nearby are rose, jasmine, lemon, tulsi, and henna.
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Large and tall plants are trees. Their “trunks” are solid, strong, and made of wood. Numerous branches that contain leaves, flowers, and fruits are sprouted from this one main stem, also known as the trunk.
Some trees, like coconut trees, have no branches at all; instead, they have a single primary stem that produces leaves, flowers, and fruits all on its own. A tree has an extremely long life span. i.e., for a long time. Trees include banyan, mango, neem, cashew, teak, oak etc.
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Climbers are unable to stand on their own due to their weak, lengthy, and extremely thin stems, but they can use an external support to climb vertically and carry their weight. These particular plants have unique climbing organs called tendrils.
Pea plant, grapevine, sweet gourd, money plant, jasmine, runner beans, green peas, and others are examples of climbers’ plant names.
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Creepers are plants that creep across the earth, as their name suggests. They have incredibly brittle, long, thin stems that are unable to sustain their entire weight or stand upright.
Watermelon, strawberries, pumpkin, and sweet potatoes are some examples.
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