How to Start a LAWN - Check These Growth and Care Tips

Everyone wants a perfect lawn. What’s better than looking out your front door and seeing lush, green grass? You don’t need to be a landscape artist to have the lawn of your dreams. Whether you start from seed or sod, it all comes down to proper planning and good soil.

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Pick which grass is best for your Lawn?

Depending on where you live you will have better luck with some grass varieties than others. Grasses fall into two basic categories: warm-season and cool-season.

1. Warm-season grasses will be able to survive a brutal summer and tend to do well in the southern states. Choose from varieties such as Bermuda, St. Augustine, and Kikuyu.

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2. Cool-season grasses handle cold much better than warm-season grasses. They can tolerate freezing temperatures and some drought. Don’t expect them to survive the heat or go longer than 4 weeks without water. Kentucky bluegrass is a popular cool-season grass.

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How to Prepare Lawn?

A lawn is an area where grass is grown as a green carpet for a landscape and is the basic feature of any garden.The position of the lawn largely depends upon the layout of the garden in relation to the house. In general lawn should be wide open with access to direct sunshine, especially in front of a rockery and a water pool.

Site and Soil

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After choosing the site, the next important factor for consideration is the size and shape of the lawn. The preparation of site includes digging, leveling and enriching the soil with organic manures or by amending with fertile soil. If the soil is very heavy, coarse sand may be added by removing subsoil to a depth of 20 cm. The ideal soil pH should be 5.0 to 5.6.

If it is very acidic 500 g/m2 lime should be added and to clayey loam or alkaline soil gypsum of the same quantity may be added. Provision of drainage for excess rain water should be made if the ground is not sloppy.

Levelling

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The site should be thoroughly levelled with spade, pebbles and weeds are hand picked. The soil is rolled with a roller. Weeds especially nut grass should not be allowed to grow and should be removed with roots for at least 2 to 3 times.

Methods of lawn making

1. Seeding

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A lawn from seed is thought of only when grass roots are not available. About 30 kg of seed is required for planting one hectare. The soil should be reduced to fine tilth and given a light rolling. The site should be divided into suitable small squares or rectangles, the seeds are mixed with double the quan­tity of finely sieved soil and should be rolled again and wa­tered liberally with rose can.

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The seeds take four to five weeks for germination. Care should be taken not to flood the site. For the first few times, the grasses are cut with a scythe. Lawn mower may be used for easy maintenance and for its spreading.

2. Turfing

The turfs are nothing but pieces of earth with compact grasses on them. These turfs should be cut uniformly in squares from a place where the grass is short, compact and free from weeds.

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These turfs should be placed on the prepared ground site, side by side and beaten down flat with a turf beater. The cavities in between should be filled with fine soil. The entire turfed area should be rolled and watered liberally.

3. Dibbling roots

This is the cheapest but time consuming method. Small pieces of grass roots should be dibbled 10 – 15 cm apart in a leveled ground when it is wet after rain. The roots spread and grow underground in the course of six months making a fairly compact lawn by frequent mowing, rolling and watering.

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After Care: It includes rolling, mowing, watering and restora­tion of patchy places, which should be done regularly.

  1. Fertilizing the lawn thrice a year is adequate to maintain rich greenness. Application of urea or ammonium sulphate at the rate of 1 kg / 50 sq. m during February - March, June - July and October - November is quite beneficial. At times well decomposed compost at 10 kg / 10 sq. m area will be sufficient as top dressing.

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  1. Weeds should be removed as soon as they appear, otherwise they spread, seed multiply and overpower the grass. Fill the gaps with grass roots and fine soil. In the absence of rain, watering is done regularly at weekly intervals.

  2. A mower should not be employed until a firm green sword has been formed. The grass is first cut with sickle and the surface is then rolled. Heavy roller should be used frequently but not when the ground is either too wet or dry.

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  1. Mowing should be done at brief intervals and never allow to produce seed stalks.

  2. Once in a year rake the lawn before rain and top dress with rich mixture of decomposed manure and soil. This will accelerate the grass with new vigorous growth.

  3. The best time to water the lawn would be during the early hours of morning. Watering during this time will allow the water to reach the roots without evaporating.

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Mid afternoons may lead to water getting evaporated soon and watering at night times can give rise to the possibilities of diseases. While watering, care should be taken to spread the water homogeneously across the lawn without over flooding or missing certain areas/spots.

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MEXICAN GRASS

Mexican Variety Lawn Grass is a shade loving grass variety. It can be planted only in lawns which have mature trees stopping the sunlight to reach the grass. The following tips will be very useful to maintain shady grass Lawn areas:

  1. Do not add extra water and fertilizer as an alternative to sunlight as it will only lead to diseases and fungus in the lawn.

  2. Focus on the branches at the bottom and middle areas of the tree by trimming the large ones blocking the sunlight.

  3. Set the lawn machine on 4-6 no, keeping the blades of the grass a little higher while mowing the lawn. Blades of the Grass act as solar panels for the grass root system. The higher the Grass blades, the greener and less patchy your lawn.

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When it comes to selecting a grass variety for you low sunlight lawns Mexican Grass is a life saver. Mexican Grass is a shade loving Grass which forms thick carpet as compared to Selection No 1 variety which thrives in full sunlight and is easy to maintain. The Mexican Grass lawn is a bit difficult to mow due to its thick cushion carpet. Mexican Grass flourishes well even in low temperatures in hills of Himalayas and Uttaranchal.

Tip : Try Mowing your Lawns of Mexican Grass before it forms thick lumps of grass blades which are a bit difficult to mow. Cut at regular intervals.

Korean Grass

Provide Korean grass with at least 1 inch of water per week, spread over 2 to 3 applications. In the winter, when the grass is dormant, if the weather is particularly dry, water it. Drip irrigation systems work best as they supply a slow, deep watering. A soaker hose works much the same.

Korean Grass Grow from seed TIPS:-

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Fertilize the Korean grass for the first time after dormancy three weeks after it has turned green. Use 3 pounds of 16-4-8 fertilizer per 1,000 square feet of Korean grass. Use this same amount in late June and mid-August. In the middle of September and October, use 8.3 pounds of 6-6-12 fertilizer per 1,000 square feet. Give the Korean grass 2 inches of water after fertilizing.

Mow Korean grass weekly, to a height of 1 to 2 inches. Bag the clippings after mowing to prevent thatch buildup.

Treat the lawn with insecticide to control grubs, the major pest in zoysiagrass lawns.

Bermuda Grass

• Bermuda grass grows best in full sun.
• Bermuda grass has a medium to fine texture.
• Bermuda grass is drought resistant and highly versatile
• Bermuda Grass is salt tolerant.
• Bermuda grass is easy to establish from seed or grass plugs.
• New Improved Bermuda Grass varieties have extended the growth area well into the Transition Zone
• Bermuda Grass is a perennial sod ‘former’ that has a dark green color

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• A fast repairing grass that grows low spreading by rhizomes and stolons.
• Can be mown closely – 1/2 to 3/4 inch mowing heights for some varieties
• Forms a dense turf, goes into dormancy when temperatures drop below 60° and greens up fast when temperatures rise.
• Once only grown from sod or sprigged, bermuda grass is now readily available as grass seed in both common bermuda grass and improved varieties

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