A rooftop garden is the ideal alternative way to enjoy all the virtues of gardening and outdoor space when there is no land available. It is ideal for urban environments, where ground garden space is limited.
1. Before you begin, find out if it is possible to create a garden on your roof.
2. For the majority of houses, flat roofs aren’t strong enough for terraces/roof gardens. If so, figure out how much weight it can hold.you have to make sure it is not damaging your house. Remember this when making the garden and use lighter containers, soil, flooring, furniture etc.
Choose a design, figure out how you will layout the roof garden.
Or use a designer to help. It is here when you have to chose your flooring too: stone, or decking etc.
3. Work out a planting scheme, with plants to work well with the natural light you have, humidity, wind etc.
4. Get containers/planters, furniture etc to finish it off. Their size depends on the size and type of the plants you chose.
They also should be lightweight, but also stable. Perhaps think of how you can fix them and integrate them within your budget.
5. Decide how you will water the garden. You can install a water storage system or an automatic irrigation system.
Or, you can just carry the water up to the roof by hand, depending if your access way allows it.
SOIL - Get the right soil which is rich in nutrients
The right type of soil is very important as the nutrients decide the growth of the plant. The right mix of soil requires regular soil, compost coir peat (or sand) and vermicompost in equal quantities. “
After the heavy rains make sure you add essential nutrients back to the soil as water tends to wash them away. You can add compost every week or so to make sure the soil has enough nutrition,”
First time gardener? This should be your first step
If it is your first take at gardening, you can start with a small pot and single vegetable and than gradually expand to other veggies. Plants like tomatoes and chillies are easier to grow and do not require much care, so you can start with those.
“You have to be very patient. It will take a couple of months to start giving results so you should not give up and keep taking care of the plant,”
What all can you grow on a terrace garden?
“Everything!” can be grown. French beans, chillies, tomatoes, brinjal, okra and lime are easier to grow. You can also try cucumber, ridge gourd and bottle gourd. Root vegetables like potatoes, onion, radish, carrots, groundnuts can also be grown but they require a larger area.
Apart from these veggies you can also grow fruit bearing trees like guava, banana, etc. “I had seen a coconut tree on a terrace garden. If one can grow that, one can grow anything here,growing a mango tree on the terrace as it requires a lot of effort. “Though mango can be grown, but it requires immense care and effort, which might be a bit difficult for urban gardeners,”
Other important things to keep in mind
Watering regularly is a must. In summers, your garden requires watering twice a day. In winters you can just press the soil with the back of your hand to check the moisture and water accordingly.
Another important thing is enough sunlight. The terrace garden should receive at least four to six hours of direct sunlight, and in areas where the sun is too harsh, people can use a shade to prevent the plants from getting scorched.
Create Raised Beds on Terrace
If you’re looking for practical as well as stylish way to make a terrace vegetable garden. Make a raised bed, in raised beds you’ll be able to grow lot of vegetables in compare to containers.
Plants will thrive better with less care and maintenance, plus they are cheap.
Vegetables for Pots
Tomatoes,Cucumbers,Radishes,Beans,Potatoes,Onions,Carrots,Beetroot,Lettuce,Garlic,Chilies and Peppers,Gourds,EggPlants(Brinjal)