Multi purpose Rosemary - A tasty herb, Prevent Cancer, Strong Aroma, Symbol of love

Rosemary, a herb whose botanical name is Rosmarinus officinalis, is a sun-loving shrub, native to the south of France and other Mediterranean regions.

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It is widely cultivated for its aromatic and medicinal properties. This pine-scented evergreen of the Lamiaceae, or mint, family, can grow to 5 ft (1.5 m) in height in favorable settings. Rosemary thrives in chalky or sandy soil in full sun. The herb grows wild on dry, rocky slopes near the sea.

Health benefits of Rosemary herb

Rosemary is a triple threat herb. It’s ornamental, its fragrant, and its delicious. Both the leaves and the flowers are edible. Simply snip off pieces of the stem as you need it.

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  • Rosemary leaves contain certain phyto-chemical (plant derived) compounds that are known to have disease preventing and health promoting properties.

  • The herb parts, especially flower tops contain phenolic anti-oxidant rosmarinic acid as well as numerous health benefiting volatile essential oils such as cineol, camphene, borneol, bornyl acetate, a-pinene, etc.

  • Rosemary leaves provide just 131 calories per 100 g and contain no cholesterol. Apart from nutrients, this humble herb contains many noteworthy non-nutrient components such as dietary fiber (37% of RDA).

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  • The herb is exceptionally rich in many B-complex groups of vitamin, such as folic acid, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, riboflavin. It is one of the herbs containing high levels of folates; providing about 109 µg per 100 g (about 27% of RDA).

  • Rosemary herb carry very good amounts of vitamin A. A few leaves a day in the diet, would contribute enough of this vitamin. Vitamin A is known to have antioxidant properties and is essential for vision. It is also required for maintaining healthy mucusa and skin.

  • Fresh rosemary leaves are a good source of antioxidant vitamin; vitamin-C containing about 22 mg per 100 g, about 37% of RDA. The vitamin is required for the collagen synthesis in the body.

  • Rosemary herb parts, whether fresh or dried, are rich source of minerals like potassium, calcium, iron, manganese, copper, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids, which helps control heart rate and blood pressure.

  • This herb is an excellent source of iron, contains 6.65 mg/100 g of fresh leaves (about 83% of RDA). Iron, being a component of hemoglobin inside the red blood cells, determines the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood.

How to grow Rosemary plant from seeds:

Sow your seeds indoors in the early spring to a depth of 1/8 inch. Transplant outdoors when all danger of frost has past. You can propagate via cuttings in the fall from new growth.

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Larger plants will usually overwinter better. You can pot smaller plants and bring indoors to a sunny south facing window, into a greenhouse or three-season room or garage with a sunny window.

If you prune the rosemary after it has flowered it will tend to take on a much bushier form.

Flowering Time:

Depending on the temperate zone you are located in it usually will flower in late spring to early summer. The flowers tend to be light blue to a lilac or pink shade.

Care:

Rosemary plant care is easy. When growing rosemary plants, provide them with well-drained, sandy soil and at least six to eight hours of sunlight. These plants thrive in warm, humid environments and cannot take extremely cold temperatures.

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Since rosemary cannot withstand winters below 30 F. (-1C.), it’s often better when growing rosemary plants to put them in containers, which can be placed in ground and easily moved indoors during winter.

Rosemary prefers to remain somewhat on the dry side; therefore, terra cotta pots are a good choice when selecting suitable containers. These pots allow the plant to dry out faster.

Thoroughly water rosemary plants when the soil is dry to the touch but allow the plants to dry out between watering intervals. Even indoors, rosemary plants will require lots of light, at least six hours, so place the plant in a suitable location free of drafts.

Maintaining a Potted Rosemary

Move your potted rosemary back outdoors once all danger of frost has passed.

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As with most potted plants, the soil in your rosemary pot will degenerate through watering and root growth. Repot at least once a year. Spring is a good time to repot your rosemary, but it should be fine no matter what time of year you get to it.

When the rosemary plant puts out considerable growth or looks like it just can’t get enough water, it has outgrown its pot and needs to be transplanted into a larger one.

If you want to maintain the size of your rosemary plant, root prune it by slicing off a couple of inches of the roots from the bottom and sides of the root ball and replanting in the same pot.

Be sure to trim some of the top at the same time, to lessen the work load of the roots and the stress placed upon the trimmed plant. Then allow your repotted plant some time to regroup. It should reward you with many more seasons of snippings.

Rosemary Plant Facts:

Rosemary is a lovely evergreen perennial herb with culinary, aromatic, and medicinal uses, and one of the favorites in herb gardening around the world. How much did you know about this magical plant?

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  1. The name of Rosemary originates from the Latin word rosmarinus, meaning “mist of the sea” or “dew of the sea”.
  2. Rosemary is part of the mint family, together with Basil, Lavender, Oregano and many other herbs.
  3. Rosemary can easily grow to five feet.
  4. Rosemary has small, pretty bluish-purple flowers.
  5. Wild Rosemary can be found along the sea cliff along the coast of Italy, Greece, Spain and France.
  6. In the 16th century, Rosemary was often burned in sickrooms as disinfectant to kill germs.
  7. Ancient Greeks believed that Rosemary was a magical plant that could strengthen memory.
  8. Rosemary sprigs are traditionally scattered on the grave to show that the beloved family member would not be forgotten.
  9. During the English Tudor era, Rosemary symbolized fidelity, and brides would give sprigs of Rosemary to bridegroom as a tradition.
  10. In the old days, Rosemary has been used as an herbal medicine to relief gas, toothache, headache and even baldness.
  11. Rosemary has been named Herb of The Year in 2000 by the International Herb Association.
  12. Dried, well-preserved Rosemary is able to retain most of the flavor and fragrance.
  13. For culinary purposes, Rosemary is often paired up with lamb as its bittersweet, nutty flavor is excellent in counterbalancing the richness and fattiness from the meat.
  14. Distilled Rosemary oil can be poisonous in strong doses.
  15. Rosemary is also used as an aromatic herb and its extract can be found in tinctures, bath oil, hair rinse, and insect repellent.
  16. The best time in planning Rosemary is early Spring or Fall.
  17. Overwatering is Rosemary’s biggest enemy.
  18. Rosemary can be used as an edging plant.
  19. Rosemary is easy to grow from seeds.
  20. Rosemary can be easily propagated by cuttings.
  21. Rosemary loves well-drained soil with pH of 6.0-7.5.
  22. While Rosemary is extremely drought-resistant, its seedling should be watered regularly until its root system is matured. This usually means one year of regular watering.
  23. Rosemary attracts bees - a pleasant surprise to any herb and vegetable gardeners.

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This beautiful herb, mostly used for seasoning dishes, is also commonly used as ornamental plantings in the landscape. You must add this useful herb plant in your garden.


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In general use a soil-based compost placed over a generous layer of drainage material such as earthenware crocks, pebbles or gravel. Water and feed regularly, especially while plants are bearing flowers and fruit, when a high-potash fertilizer is recommended.


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