Limited space is not a problem if one is to grow more food in the garden. Even with less space to work with, correct garden management and planning will be the key in the success of small space gardening. Planting and growing the right crops can also lead to a more abundant harvest.
Intensive or square foot gardening uses space more efficiently than traditional methods. Instead of wasted room between rows of crops, the garden area is maximized — that way you get the most vegetables, fruits and flowers in the smallest amount of growing space.
The purpose of gardening intensively is to harvest the most produce possible from a given space. More traditional gardens consist of long, single rows of vegetables spaced widely apart. Much of the garden area is taken by the space between the rows.
The following chart indicates how closely seeds or seedlings can be planted in intensive gardening techniques:
An intensive garden minimizes wasted space. The practice of intensive gardening is not just for those with limited garden space; rather, an intensive garden concentrates your work efforts to create an ideal plant environment, giving better yields.
A good intensive garden requires early, thorough planning to make the best use of your time and space. Using the techniques described below, you can develop a high-yielding intensive garden.
1. The Raised Bed
A good intensive garden requires early, thorough planning to make the best use of your time and space. Before planting, you must consider the interrelationships of plants, shade tolerance, above- and below-ground growth patterns, and preferred growing seasons.
Using the techniques described below, you can develop a high-yielding intensive garden. Given below are some of its advantages:
- Higher yields
- Improved soil conditions
- Ease of working
- Ease of pest control
- Water conservation
One of the reasons raised beds have such high yields is that the soil is mixed with amendments to create a light, fluffy growing medium to a depth of about 2-feet. This encourages great root growth.
2. Vertical Gardening
Vertical gardens are both a wise use of space and aesthetically pleasing. Plants grown on walls, trellises and fences can cool your home or garden and block views you don’t want to see.
Choosing the right plants for a vertical garden is important. While many plants can be trained to grow.
Peas, melons, and passion fruit take well to upwards growth.
Even zucchinis, pumpkins and other squashes will grow vertically as long as their support system is strong enough.
Tips for a Successful Vertical Garden
Make sure your vertically-grown plants are in a location where they won’t shade out sun-loving plants.
Grow plants on the south side of the support structure for maximum sunlight.
Don’t forget to water. Your vertical garden will dry out faster without plants laying on the soil to shade it.
Soil should be deep and well-drained so plant roots can grow down into the soil, rather than growing outwards where they will compete with other plants.
Heavy crops, such as melons, pumpkins and squash, may need additional support. Construct a “hammock” from strips of old pantyhose by tying it to either side of the crop you are supporting and place the vegetable/fruit inside.
3. Interplanting Method
Growing two or more plants in the same place at the same time is known as interplanting. This can be done by alternating rows within a bed, alternating plants within a row or mixing up plants throughout the bed.
When inter planting flowers and herbs in the vegetable garden make sure to grow plants with similar requirements near each other. Consider the following factors for each plant:
- Length of the plant’s growth period
- Growth pattern (tall, short, below or above ground)
- Possible negative effects on other plants (such as the allelopathic effects of sunflowers and Jerusalem artichokes on nearby plants)
- Preferred season
- Preferred light
- Nutrient and moisture requirements
4. Successive Planting
Gardening in Mississippi provides the opportunity to have something in the garden almost every month of the year.
The long growing season combined with successive plantings (growing more than one vegetable in the same space during the year) enables gardeners to reduce the size of their gardens.
As soon as one vegetable is harvested, clear the space and prepare to plant another vegetable. Empty row space produces nothing and provides a place for weeds to grow, while a small garden intensively planted and managed can be very productive.
For example, follow a spring planting of English peas with a late spring planting of cucumbers; then replant the space with fall bush snap beans, leafy greens, or late southern peas.
Another example is to follow early sweet corn with winter squash and pumpkins in early July. Spring Irish potatoes can be followed by lima beans or southern peas, which are followed by fall greens.
In today era the above mentioned gardening methods are very effective, before planting, you must consider the interrelationships of plants, including their nutrient needs, shade tolerance, above- and below-ground growth patterns, and preferred growing seasons. Enjoy !
It becomes very important to select the planters wisely according to available space, the plants we grow or the colours of one’s choice.
Buy ready to use nutrient rich soil:
In general use a soil-based compost placed over a generous layer of drainage material such as earthenware crocks, pebbles or gravel. Water and feed regularly, especially while plants are bearing flowers and fruit, when a high-potash fertilizer is recommended.
Buy Decorative Pebbles :
Decorate planters or garden landscapes with these decorative pebbles :
Using pebbles in a garden brings different colours and textures to the garden. Pebbles can also fill up otherwise empty space in the garden, leaving a visual that might be considered more interesting and aesthetic than simple dirt, soil or mulch.
Add a splash of beauty to balconies, patios, walls, fences & window sills with durable,light weight, Rotomolded planters.