Greenery pruned into geometric and abstract forms are called topiary. It is a vining or creeping plant, or group of plants that are shaped and trimmed to create a 3 dimensional object, based on a frame that the plant grows around.
Topiary Frames can be purchased at many hobby stores and larger nurseries. The plants are periodically trimmed to conform to the shape of the frame. Normally, the topiary frames are filled with sphagnum moss on which the plants will grow.
Individual plants are removed from their pots and the root ball is simply embedded into the sphagnum moss. A little care and understanding of the maintenance will enhance the appearance of the sculpture and ensure years of enjoyment from your topiary.
There are essentially two kinds of topiary. There are vine topiary, where vines are encouraged to grow over topiary forms.
Then there is shrub topiary, where a shrub is cut into a form. Also, any woody shrub, small tree or herb that is evergreen, with small leaves and compact shape can be used for topiary.
Here is the list of plants suitable for growing amazing Topiaries :
1. Duranta Plant
Evergreen duranta , commonly called golden dewdrop. Handsome shrub and best plant to prepare Topiary. Standing up to 15 feet high and wide, duranta pairs glossy, bright green foliage with clusters of vanilla-scented, sky-blue flowers.
The shrub’s canes arch beneath the blooms and the yellow-orange berries that follow them. Butterflies flock to the tubular blossoms, and hungry birds to the berries. Position golden dewdrop to highlight its cheery, blue-and-orange contrast.
2. English Ivy Plant
Vines can offer a unique and whimsical look like few other plants. And what’s interesting to me is that you can take a common, everyday plant like English ivy and transform it into something fantastic by training it onto a wire topiary form.
English ivy will grow both indoors and outside. In the house place them in bright, filtered light in a room that stays on the cool side. Outdoors your ivy will thrive in shade to partial shade.
3. Mehndi Plant
Grows well in all types of garden soils. It is very suitable for growing as a tall hedge and creating topiary You can grow it outdoors if temperatures never drop below 50F or 11 C. If it is indoors, keep it in the sunniest place possible
Henna grows rapidly and requires cutting two or three times a year to maintain the shape of the crown and remove any new growth below it.
4. Clerodendrum Inerme Plant
This an evergreen mangrove plant, which has found a place in our gardens. A hardy, straggling shrub, it reaches a height of 3-4 metres with closely arranged, almost round, shiny, deep green leaves. The plant is always in flower.
The plant is not choosy about the soil and can even withstand droughts. It is its hardy nature and the closely held bunches and leaves that promoted it into a topiary plant.
Lantana come in reds, oranges, yellows and blues. Select a sterile variety, which blooms profusely and never forms berries, to enjoy flowers virtually all summer long.
Grow your lantana into a tree-form topiary starting with few plants. You’ll end up with a beautiful flowering work of art for your deck, patio or porch.
6. Alternanthera Plant
You can make a neat edging for your borders or walkways using Alternanthera.
You can make a neat edging for your borders or walkways using Alternanthera. Water the plants often enough to keep the soil from completely drying out. They generally don’t need additional fertilizer, but if they aren’t growing well, try giving them a shovelful of compost in summer.
7. Morpankhi Plant
Morpankhi is a plant which is found in every small garden in India. Belonging to the cypress family, it is a densely branched evergreen conifer that can become 50 ft tall with a spread of 20. However, it is commonly grown as a smaller, bushier shrub.
It tends to have several to many stems, but can be trimmed to a single leader stem creating a treelike form. The overall shape is conical, with the crown becoming more irregular and spreading with age.
8. Ficus Plant
Ficus trees can maintain their tree-like shape regardless of their size, so this makes them ideal for bonsais or for massive houseplants in large spaces.
Their leaves can be either dark green or variegated. In recent years, some imaginative nurseries have started to take advantage of their pliable trunks to braid or twist the plants into different forms.
9. Bougainvillea Plant
Gardeners fortunate to live where bougainvillea flourish often add at least one of these delightful shrubs to a landscape. These low-maintenance shrubs will provide continual blossoms to add color and interest to any landscape.
Bougainvillea do not require extensive pruning to keep them healthy and vibrant. Shape bougainvillea shrubs in any way you desire to keep them tidy-looking or leave them alone and just let them grow.
This plant can be used as an annual or as a container plant that gets moved indoors when cold temperatures threaten. The plant has glossy leathery leaves that are oval shaped and stiff.
The plant is similar in appearance to and related to the gardenia. Blooms are clusters of four petaled florets which can last four to six weeks on the stem. Flowers are most prolific in summer but can also appear at other times of the year.
Traditional subjects for topiary have usually been evergreens to remain a permanent feature throughout the seasons.
These trees and shrubs can be bought from nurserylive.com, this will save your time and effort.