Succulents can be propagated by different means. It can be propagated by the sexual and asexual way. The most common one is the vegetative (asexual) propagation.
It is done by laying the stems and stripped leaves on a piece of paper to dry in a location out of direct sunlight. Cacti can also be grown this way, particularly if they produce offsets.
Some cacti bloom after so many years or are in need of perfect environmental conditions for sexual propagation so it is difficult to reproduce in cultivation. Many species are self-sterile, i.e. they are not able to fertilize on their own.
Some of the succulents are dioecious means male and female flowers are on separate individual plants. It may cause less pollination. Many succulent plants can be grown by seed propagation, either from hybridization methods, or bought from other growers or vendors.
The vegetative propagation is so easy is that you do not need any special equipment to do it. All you need is a pot of potting soil, a brightly lit local, ion and some patience. It will generally take six to 10 weeks for cuttings or leaves to root and start to show signs of new growth.
Vegetative propagation by leaf-cutting:
produces take a leaf from most Echeveria, Sedum, and many other succulent plants and perform few methods to root it. A single leaf can produce up to about a dozen little plants or more. Leaf cuttings will generally take longer to produce a new stem than stem cuttings.
Vegetative propagation by stem cutting:
This type includes cuttings where several inches of stem with leaves are cut and after healing produces a callus. After 1 -2 weeks, roots may grow. Generally, stem cuttings from the tips of branches will work good but you can also use stem segments from lower parts too.
Vegetative propagation by division:
Sometimes the plants grow close to each other and produce roots and branches in a bunch. A division consisting of uprooting an overgrown clump or a bunch and pulling the stems and roots apart. Those separated clumps then planted in different pots.
Vegetative propagation by beheading:
Sometimes Echeveria may get long shoot, with a nice rosette sitting up on top of a long woody stem. A plant that has grown tall and spindly, or whose leggy bare limbs drape downward like a pendant, it can be gone under beheading.
Vegetative propagation by pups/offsets:
The offset is a small, virtually complete daughter plant that has been naturally and asexually produced on the mother plant. They are clones, meaning that they are genetically identical to the mother plant. By removing it and allowing it to form a callus before pressing into the propagating media.
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In general use, a soil-based compost placed over a generous layer of drainage material such as earthenware crocks, pebbles or gravel. Water and feed regularly, especially while plants are bearing flowers and fruit when a high-potash fertilizer is recommended.
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