World Malaria Day - 2018 Theme is End Malaria for Good
This year’s Global theme for World Malaria Day is End Malaria for Good. In the lead-up to 25 April, WHO is shining a spotlight on prevention, a critical strategy for reducing the toll of a disease that continues to kill more than 400 000 people annually.
Malaria has been a problem in India for centuries. Details of this disease can be found even in the ancient Indian medical literature like the Atharva Veda and Charaka Samhita. In the 30’s there was no aspect of life in the country that was not affected by malaria.
During the latter parts of nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, nearly one-fourth of India’s population suffered from malaria, particularly in the states like Punjab and Bengal. The economic loss due to the loss of man-days due to malaria was estimated to be at Rs. 10,000 million per year in 1935.
There’s a need for new anti-malarial agents due to some malaria drugs becoming ineffective in the fight against the disease.
Most of the drugs used to treat malaria are either derived from plants or are products of natural sources.For example quinine, an antimalarial, comes from the medicinal plant Cinchona succirubra.
Most communities heavily rely on medicinal plants to prevent and treat diseases.For centuries people have used their knowledge about the environment to treat various ailments. For example, the Chinese herbalists have used extracts of the Qinghao plant; Artemisia annua also known as sweet wormwood for malaria treatment for over 1,500 years.
Artemisinin is derived from Artemisia annua, another medicinal plant.
After Testing several plants it is found that Neem have the highest potential. This medicinal plant depicted has the highest ability to kill the malaria parasite.
Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum ) can be used as preventive treatment. Some people take milk thistle by mouth for malaria according to webmd.
Few other common plants used for malaria.
Not only is peppermint’s minty clean scent significantly better than that awful chemical smell, it can serve as a natural insecticide to repel mosquitoes. The experts discovered that it offered repellent action when applied to exposed body parts, while also showing larvicidal and mosquito repellent action.
While eating garlic-filled foods won’t repel mosquitoes unless you consume a massive amount, growing garlic can do the trick. Planting it not only helps to deter the nasty rascals, but you’ll have your own supply of vampire repellent if you believe in that sort of thing anyway. Simply add some garlic to your vegetable garden or flowerbed.
Pennyroyal is another famous natural bug repellent and it’s especially effective for battling mosquitoes. Simply planting it outside around your house can discourage them from taking up residence in your yard, and by keeping a vase of fresh pennyroyal in a room, it can kill any that occupy the area as well as drive potential newcomers away. By keeping the crushed stems in your pockets during times you’re most likely to be exposed, you can be just about guaranteed you’ll keep the mosquitoes away.
This gorgeous flowering plant is most commonly used to flavor dishes, but it can also serve as an outstanding mosquito repellent amongst a number of other fantastic uses. You can keep it indoors or out, just be sure it gets full sun. For repellent purposes, both the live plant and cuttings from it are effective for repelling those annoying disease-carrying insects.
Scented geraniums are yet another popular mosquito repelling plant recommended by countless gardeners and gardening sites. The lemon scented type of geranium is most effective, as it’s similar to citronella, is one of the best for keeping the pests away. Geraniums also have especially gorgeous blooms that can make for an incredibly attractive decorative piece. While they prefer a warm, sunny and dry climate, in cold climate areas, you can grow them in planters provided they’re pruned frequently.
Those who use the following preventive measures get fewer infections than those who do not:
- Between dusk and dawn, remain indoors in well-screened areas.
- Sleep inside pyrethrin or permethrin repellent-soaked mosquito nets.
- Wear clothes over the entire body.